Test Catalog

Test ID: PNYF    
Phenytoin, Free, Serum

Method Description Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Fresh serum subjected to ultra-filtration to generate a protein-free filtrate, which is then analyzed for free phenytoin by the kinetic interaction of microparticles in a solution (KIMS). Phenytoin antibody is covalently coupled to microparticles and the drug derivative is linked to a macromolecule. The kinetic interaction of microparticles in solutions is induced by binding of drug-conjugate to the antibody on the microparticles and is inhibited by the presence of phenytoin in the sample. A competitive reaction takes place between the drug conjugate and phenytoin in the serum sample for binding to the phenytoin antibody on the microparticles. The resulting kinetic interaction of microparticles is indirectly proportional to the amount of drug present in the sample.(Package insert: Roche Phenytoin reagent, Roche Diagnostic Corp, Indianapolis, IN)

PDF Report Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information


Day(s) Performed Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Monday through Sunday

Report Available The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

Same day/1 day

Performing Laboratory Location Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test