TEST CATALOG ORDERING & RESULTS SPECIMEN HANDLING CUSTOMER SERVICE EDUCATION & INSIGHTS
Test Catalog

Test ID: PAVAL    
Paraneoplastic, Autoantibody Evaluation, Serum

Testing Algorithm Delineates situations when tests are added to the initial order. This includes reflex and additional tests.

If immunofluorescence assay (IFA) patterns suggest antiglial nuclear antibody-1 (AGNA-1) antibody, then AGNA-1 immunoblot is performed at an additional charge.

 

If IFA patterns suggest amphiphysin antibody, then amphiphysin immunoblot is performed at an additional charge.

 

If IFA patterns suggest antineuronal nuclear antibodies (ANNA)-1 antibody, then ANNA-1 immunoblot is performed at an additional charge.

 

If IFA patterns suggest ANNA-2 antibody, then ANNA-2 immunoblot is performed at an additional charge.

 

If IFA patterns suggest Purkinje cytoplasmic antibody (PCA)-1 antibody, then PCA-1 immunoblot is performed at an additional charge.

 

If IFA patterns suggest PCA-Tr antibody, then PCA-Tr immunoblot is performed at an additional charge.

 

If IFA patterns suggest glutamic acid decarboxylase 65 (GAD65) antibody, then GAD65 antibody radioimmunoassay (RIA) is performed at an additional charge.

 

If IFA pattern suggest N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA)-receptor, then NMDA-receptor antibody cell-binding assay (CBA), and/or NMDA- receptor antibody titer is performed at an additional charge.

 

If IFA pattern suggest alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA)-receptor, then AMPA- receptor antibody CBA and/or AMPA- receptor antibody titer is performed at an additional charge.

 

If IFA pattern suggest gamma-aminobutyric acid B (GABA-B)-receptor, then GABA-B- receptor antibody CBA and/or GABA-B- receptor antibody titer is performed at an additional charge.

 

If IFA pattern suggest dipeptidyl-peptidase-like protein-6 antibody (DPPX), then DPPX antibody CBA and DPPX antibody titer is performed at an additional charge.

 

If IFA pattern suggest metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (mGluR1), then mGluR1 antibody CBA and mGluR1 antibody titer is performed at an additional charge.

 

If voltage-gated potassium channels (VGKC) is above 0.00 nmol/L, then leucine-rich, glioma inactivated 1 (LGI1)-IgG CBA and contactin-associated protein-like 2 (CASPR2)-IgG are performed at an additional charge.

 

If collapsin response-mediator protein (CRMP) IFA is positive, then acetylcholine (muscle) receptor (AChR) binding antibody, CRMP-5-IgG Western blot, and ACh receptor (muscle) modulating antibody by fluorescence-activated cell sorting (FACS) will be performed at an additional charge.

 

CRMP-5-IgG Western blot is also performed by specific request for more sensitive detection of CRMP-5-IgG. Testing should be requested in cases of subacute basal ganglionic disorders (chorea, Parkinsonism), cranial neuropathies (especially loss of vision, taste, or smell) and myelopathies.

 

The following algorithms are available in Special Instructions:

-Paraneoplastic Evaluation Algorithm

-Hereditary Peripheral Neuropathy Diagnostic Algorithm

Specimen Type Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Serum

Necessary Information

Provide the following information:

-Relevant clinical information

-Ordering Provider name, phone number, mailing address, and e-mail address

Specimen Required Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Patient Preparation:

1. For optimal antibody detection, specimen collection is recommended prior to initiation of immunosuppressant medication or intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) treatment.

2. This test should not be requested in patients who have recently received radioisotopes, therapeutically or diagnostically, because of potential assay interference. The specific waiting period before specimen collection will depend on the isotope administered, the dose given, and the clearance rate in the individual patient. Specimens will be screened for radioactivity prior to analysis. Radioactive specimens received in the laboratory will be held 1 week and assayed if sufficiently decayed, or canceled if radioactivity remains.

3. Patient should have no general anesthetic or muscle-relaxant drugs in the previous 24 hours.

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Red top

Acceptable: Serum gel

Specimen Volume: 4 mL

Special Instructions Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send 1 of the following forms with the specimen:

-General Request (T239)

-Neurology Specialty Testing Client Test Request (T732)

Specimen Minimum Volume Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

2 mL

Reject Due To Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject
Gross lipemia Reject
Gross icterus Reject

Specimen Stability Information Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen TypeTemperatureTimeSpecial Container
SerumRefrigerated (preferred)28 days
 Frozen 28 days
 Ambient 72 hours