Test Catalog

Test Id : I2SWB

Iduronate-2-Sulfatase, Leukocytes

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Supporting the biochemical diagnosis of mucopolysaccharidosis II (MPS II; Hunter syndrome) in whole blood specimens

 

This test is not useful for carrier detection for MPS II.

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

This test provides diagnostic testing for individuals with positive newborn screen results or clinical signs and symptoms suspicious for mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II, Hunter syndrome). If an enzyme deficiency is detected by this test, additional biochemical or molecular testing is required to confirm a diagnosis.

Method Name
A short description of the method used to perform the test

Liquid Chromatography Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)

NY State Available
Indicates the status of NY State approval and if the test is orderable for NY State clients.

Yes

Reporting Name
Lists a shorter or abbreviated version of the Published Name for a test

Iduronate-2-sulfatase, WBC

Aliases
Lists additional common names for a test, as an aid in searching

Alpha-L-Idopyranosyluronic Acid 2-Sulfate Sulfahydrolase

Hunter Syndrome

I2S

Iduronate 2-Sulfatase Deficiency

Iduronate-2-sulfatase deficiency

Iduronate sulfatase

MPS 2

MPS II

Mucopolysaccharidosis II

Sulfoiduronate Sulfatase Deficiency

Specimen Type
Describes the specimen type validated for testing

Whole Blood ACD

Shipping Instructions

For optimal isolation of leukocytes, it is recommended the specimen arrive refrigerated within 6 days of collection to be stabilized. Collect specimen Monday through Thursday only and not the day before a holiday. Specimen should be collected and packaged as close to shipping time as possible.

Necessary Information

1. Patient's age is required.

2. Reason for testing is required.

ORDER QUESTIONS AND ANSWERS

Question ID Description Answers
BG765 Reason for Referral Rule out MPS II
Follow up of abnormal newborn screening
Follow up of known MPS II
Not Provided

Specimen Required
Defines the optimal specimen required to perform the test and the preferred volume to complete testing

Container/Tube:

Preferred: Yellow top (ACD solution B)

Acceptable: Yellow top (ACD solution A) or lavender top (EDTA)

Specimen Volume: 6 mL

Collection Instructions: Send whole blood specimen in original tube. Do not aliquot.

Special Instructions
Library of PDFs including pertinent information and forms related to the test

Forms

1. New York Clients-Informed consent is required. Document on the request form or electronic order that a copy is on file. The following documents are available:

-Informed Consent for Genetic Testing (T576)

-Informed Consent for Genetic Testing-Spanish (T826)

2. Biochemical Genetics Patient Information (T602)

3. If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Biochemical Genetics Test Request (T798) with the specimen.

Specimen Minimum Volume
Defines the amount of sample necessary to provide a clinically relevant result as determined by the Testing Laboratory

5 mL

Reject Due To
Identifies specimen types and conditions that may cause the specimen to be rejected

Gross hemolysis Reject

Specimen Stability Information
Provides a description of the temperatures required to transport a specimen to the performing laboratory, alternate acceptable temperatures are also included

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Whole Blood ACD Refrigerated (preferred) 6 days
Ambient 6 days

Useful For
Suggests clinical disorders or settings where the test may be helpful

Supporting the biochemical diagnosis of mucopolysaccharidosis II (MPS II; Hunter syndrome) in whole blood specimens

 

This test is not useful for carrier detection for MPS II.

Genetics Test Information
Provides information that may help with selection of the correct genetic test or proper submission of the test request

This test provides diagnostic testing for individuals with positive newborn screen results or clinical signs and symptoms suspicious for mucopolysaccharidosis type II (MPS II, Hunter syndrome). If an enzyme deficiency is detected by this test, additional biochemical or molecular testing is required to confirm a diagnosis.

Clinical Information
Discusses physiology, pathophysiology, and general clinical aspects, as they relate to a laboratory test

Mucopolysaccharidosis II (MPS II; Hunter syndrome) is an X-linked lysosomal disorder caused by the deficiency of iduronate sulfatase enzyme due to variants in the IDS gene. Clinical features and severity of symptoms are widely variable ranging from severe infantile onset disease to an attenuated form, which generally has a later onset with a milder clinical presentation. Symptoms may include coarse facies, short stature, enlarged liver and spleen, hoarse voice, stiff joints, cardiac disease, and profound neurologic involvement leading to developmental delays and regression. As an X-linked disorder, MPS II occurs primarily in male patients with an estimated incidence of 1 in 120,000 male births, although symptomatic carrier females have been reported. Treatment availability, including hematopoietic stem cell transplantation and enzyme replacement therapy, makes early diagnosis desirable, as early initiation of treatment has been shown to improve clinical outcomes. Newborn screening for MPS II has been implemented in some states.

 

A diagnostic workup in an individual with MPS II includes urine or blood glycosaminoglycans levels showing increased amounts of both dermatan and heparan sulfate (see MPSQU / Mucopolysaccharides Quantitative, Random, Urine and MPSBS / Mucopolysaccharidosis, Blood Spot). Reduced or absent activity of iduronate sulfatase can confirm a diagnosis of MPS II but may also be deficient in unaffected individuals with pseudodeficiency as well as individuals with multiple sulfatase deficiency. Enzymatic testing is not reliable to detect carriers. Molecular genetic testing of the IDS gene allows for detection of the disease-causing variant in affected patients and subsequent carrier detection in female relatives (see MPS2Z / Hunter Syndrome, Full Gene Analysis, Varies).

Reference Values
Describes reference intervals and additional information for interpretation of test results. May include intervals based on age and sex when appropriate. Intervals are Mayo-derived, unless otherwise designated. If an interpretive report is provided, the reference value field will state this.

>2.20 nmol/hour/mg protein

 

An interpretive report will be provided.

Interpretation
Provides information to assist in interpretation of the test results

Abnormal results are not sufficient to establish a diagnosis of a particular disease. To verify a preliminary diagnosis based on this assay, additional biochemical or molecular genetic analyses are required.

 

When abnormal results are detected, a detailed interpretation is given, including an overview of the results and of their significance, a correlation to available clinical information, elements of differential diagnosis, recommendations for additional biochemical testing, and in vitro, confirmatory studies (enzyme assay, molecular analysis), and a phone number to reach one of the laboratory directors in case the referring physician has additional questions.

Cautions
Discusses conditions that may cause diagnostic confusion, including improper specimen collection and handling, inappropriate test selection, and interfering substances

Individuals with pseudodeficiency alleles can show reduced enzyme activity.

 

Carrier status (heterozygosity) for these conditions cannot be reliably detected.

 

Enzyme levels may be normal in individuals receiving enzyme replacement therapy or who have undergone hematopoietic stem cell transplant.

 

Iduronate-2-sulfatase can also be deficient in individuals with multiple sulfatase deficiency.

Clinical Reference
Recommendations for in-depth reading of a clinical nature

1. Neufeld EF, Muenzer J. The mucopolysaccharidoses. In: Valle DL, Antonarakis S, Ballabio A, Beaudet AL, Mitchell GA. eds. The Online Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Disease. McGraw-Hill; Accessed May 24, 2023. https://ommbid.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2709&sectionid=225544161

2. Hopwood JJ, Ballabio A. Multiple sulfatase deficiency and the nature of the sulfatase family. In: Valle DL, Antonarakis S, Ballabio A, Beaudet AL, Mitchell GA. eds. The Online Metabolic and Molecular Bases of Inherited Disease. McGraw-Hill; Accessed May 24, 2023. https://ommbid.mhmedical.com/content.aspx?bookid=2709&sectionid=225546905

Method Description
Describes how the test is performed and provides a method-specific reference

Leukocytes are incubated with four cocktail mixes: 1) substrate and internal standard (IS) for iduronate 2-sulfatase, heparan N-sulfatase, alpha-N-acetylglucosaminidase, N-acetylgalactosamine-sulfate, beta-galactosidase, arylsulfatase B, beta-glucuronidase, and tripeptidyl peptidase 1; 2) substrate and IS for acetyl-CoA:alpha-glucosaminide N-acetyltransferase; 3) substrate and IS for N-acetylglucosamine-6-sulfatase; and 4) substrate and IS for palmitoyl-protein thioesterase 1 in 96-well plates. Following overnight incubation, the plates are combined and purified by liquid-liquid extraction. The extracts are evaporated, reconstituted with mobile phase, and analyzed by tandem mass spectrometry.(Unpublished Mayo method)

PDF Report
Indicates whether the report includes an additional document with charts, images or other enriched information

No

Day(s) Performed
Outlines the days the test is performed. This field reflects the day that the sample must be in the testing laboratory to begin the testing process and includes any specimen preparation and processing time before the test is performed. Some tests are listed as continuously performed, which means that assays are performed multiple times during the day.

Preanalytical processing: Monday through Saturday

Testing performed: Tuesday

Report Available
The interval of time (receipt of sample at Mayo Clinic Laboratories to results available) taking into account standard setup days and weekends. The first day is the time that it typically takes for a result to be available. The last day is the time it might take, accounting for any necessary repeated testing.

8 to 15 days

Specimen Retention Time
Outlines the length of time after testing that a specimen is kept in the laboratory before it is discarded

WBC homogenate: 1 month

Performing Laboratory Location
Indicates the location of the laboratory that performs the test

Rochester

Fees
Several factors determine the fee charged to perform a test. Contact your U.S. or International Regional Manager for information about establishing a fee schedule or to learn more about resources to optimize test selection.

  • Authorized users can sign in to Test Prices for detailed fee information.
  • Clients without access to Test Prices can contact Customer Service 24 hours a day, seven days a week.
  • Prospective clients should contact their account representative. For assistance, contact Customer Service.

Test Classification
Provides information regarding the medical device classification for laboratory test kits and reagents. Tests may be classified as cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and used per manufacturer instructions, or as products that do not undergo full FDA review and approval, and are then labeled as an Analyte Specific Reagent (ASR) product.

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. It has not been cleared or approved by the US Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information
Provides guidance in determining the appropriate Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) code(s) information for each test or profile. The listed CPT codes reflect Mayo Clinic Laboratories interpretation of CPT coding requirements. It is the responsibility of each laboratory to determine correct CPT codes to use for billing.

CPT codes are provided by the performing laboratory.

82657

LOINC® Information
Provides guidance in determining the Logical Observation Identifiers Names and Codes (LOINC) values for the order and results codes of this test. LOINC values are provided by the performing laboratory.

Test Id Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
I2SWB Iduronate-2-sulfatase, WBC 24089-5
Result Id Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
Applies only to results expressed in units of measure originally reported by the performing laboratory. These values do not apply to results that are converted to other units of measure.
BG765 Reason for Referral 42349-1
618291 Iduronate-2-sulfatase 24089-5
618454 Interpretation 59462-2
618453 Reviewed By 18771-6

Test Setup Resources

Setup Files
Test setup information contains test file definition details to support order and result interfacing between Mayo Clinic Laboratories and your Laboratory Information System.

Excel | PHP Pdf | CMS Pdf

Sample Reports
Normal and Abnormal sample reports are provided as references for report appearance.

Normal Reports | Abnormal Reports

SI Sample Reports
International System (SI) of Unit reports are provided for a limited number of tests. These reports are intended for international account use and are only available through MayoLINK accounts that have been defined to receive them.

SI Normal Reports | SI Abnormal Reports